Abusive Priests, Other Sex Offenders Differ
By Erik Hogstrom, Telegraph Herald [Dubuque IA], March 8, 2006
[See the main page of the Sins & Silence series for links to all the articles and letters to the editor.]
Sex abusers among the clergy differ from sex offenders in the general population, a researcher has noted.
"Most of the research on sex offenders emerges out of incarcerated clientele," said Thomas G. Plante, professor and chairman of the psychology department at Santa Clara University in California.
He edited the book, "Bless Me Father For I [H]ave Sinned: Perspectives on Sexual Abuse Committed by Roman Catholic Priests."
Research suggests lower education levels are prevalent among most sex offenders, unlike the clergy, who are highly educated.
Studies show the average IQ of priests at about 125.
"They are much smarter than the average person on the street," Plante said.
Determining the average IQ of the general public sex offender is difficult. However, a study of 255 incarcerated rapists in Massachusetts from 1980 to 1990 revealed an average IQ of 100 for the offenders—the same as that of the average American.
A 1994 national study of 160 child sex abusers, 123 incest perpetrators and 108 sexual aggressors against adult women found that intelligence scores of sex offenders basically were average, although verbal abilities tended to be lower in pedophiles.
Plante has evaluated more than 35 priests or religious brothers accused of sexually abusing minors. His research suggests 81 percent of the victims were adolescent boys—another difference from other sex offenders.
"Most sex offenders violate girls, not boys," Plante said.
Despite the gender of victim and victimizer, psychologists don't believe homosexuality is the root of the problem.
"We believe it is about victims of convenience," Plante said. "(Sex offenders) often take victims of convenience."
Another difference lies in the mental health of the abuser: Although abusive priests and abusers from the general population often have substance-abuse problems, psychologists are less likely to find severe psychotic troubles among abusers in the clergy.
"It takes a certain high level of functioning to become a priest," Plante said.
Available research suggests that approximately 2 to 5 percent of priests have had a sexual experience with a minor.
This figure is lower than the percentage within the general adult male population, estimated to be closer to 8 percent.
"Therefore, the odds that any random Catholic priest would sexually abuse a minor are not likely to be significantly higher than other males in or out of the clergy," Plante said.
He also found the vast majority of priests who sexually abuse minors commit their first offense about a year after ordination.
"Therefore, one can only assess risk factors for this behavior when evaluating potential applicants to the priesthood," he said.